Safe use of cranes
BS 7121-12:1999 pdf free.Safe use of cranes一 Part 12: Recovery vehicles and equipment- Code of practice.
competent person person who has appropriate practical and theoretical knowledge and experience of the type of equipment to be inspected and who is capable of detecting defects or weaknesses and assessing their importance in relation to the safety and continued use of the equipment.
flat towing towing whereby the casualty vehicle supports all of its own weight on the road and is towed by means of a tow bar or towing frame.
ground anchor existing solid object, such as a tree, or device driven into the ground, or dug into the ground, to act as an anchor point.
hauling act of using a winch to drag a load horizontally, or up a sloping surface as opposed to lifting it.
inspection scheme method of assessment to determine if equipment can be operated, adjusted and maintained safely ranging from, for example, a visual daily check by a technician to a functional test, with or without load by an independent third party.
lift- and-tow towing whereby either the front end or the rear end of the casualty is raised off the ground by the towing vehicle, the mass of the casualty being supported partly by its own axles which are still on the ground, and partly by the rear end of the recovery vehicle.
recovery any operation which deals with the removal of a broken-down, abandoned or accident damaged vehicle, which cannot be repaired in situ and driven away unaided
recovery equipment primary recovery device ftted to the recovery vehicle or other items of equipment, and accessories to the main recovery device.
recovery industry all supplies engages in providing vehicle rescue and recovery services.
recovery vehicle vehicle complete with its normal inventory of recovery equipment used primarily in the recovery of motor vehicles, which may also carry equipment for repairs at the roadside.
righting action of returning a vehicle to an upright attitude.
safe working load (SWL) maximum load which a machine is allowed to carry taking into account the maximum working load, the minimum breaking load of the material from which it is made and the nature of the work that it will be required to do.
steersman person at the controls of a casualty vehicle while it is being towed.
suspended towing towing where either the front or the rear of the casualty vehicle is lifted from above, as with a crane and“A” frame and sling.
technician person who has received training in the recovery of motor vehicles and who can demonstrate the competence to work alone and unsupervised.
transporter any vehicle designed for transporting.
transporting when the casualty vehicle is carried entirely on the bed of a transporter or a trailer.
5.1 Organizing for safety
1 leahh and safety is a shared responsibility of everyone involved in the recovery industry. Employers and technician.s have sJ)ecifw duties under the legal framework and safety rules have to be conscientiously applied. Everyone needs to (lenu)nstrate a commitment to safety in all that they do and say.
5.2.1 Selling an example
The attitude of an employer affects the attitude of their technicians. The aim should be to approach all act.ivitws in a safe manner so that eventually safety becomes a natural I)art of everyday work.
5.2.2 Hazards and risks
I Inside actions or 1)ra(iwes should not. be tolerated.
A rigorous approach should be adopted to i(lentlly
hazards and risks in the workplace and to take
appro)nat( action to control or eliminate them.
5.3 Legislation relating to the safe use of recovery vehicles and equipment
All employers and technicians have a duty to make tlwmselves aware of all current legislation relative to their industry. A List of the most important health and safety regulations relevant to the safe use of recovery Vehicles and equipment is given in annex A.
6 Selection and training of technicians
All technicians should receive relevant training, which is task-related, practical and realistic.
Technicians should be able to demonstrate their competence and working knowledge before they are allowed to undertake work activities alone and unsupervised.
Teulmicians should understan(l their duties and responsibilities relating to the recovery of motor vehicles. They should attend regular refresher and updating courses to ensure they are aware of current legislation, new techniques and advances in equipment.
Instruct ion arid training should include the following items:
a) the carrying out of daily checks on their vehicle and cqui)nwnt4
b) the legal aspects of recovery work; c) the capabilities and limitations of the various recovery vehicles and the towing and lifting equipment they carry, particularly in relation to weight restrictions;
d) safe )arkIng and working procedures at the roadside;
e) the formation of a recovery plan:
f the legal requirements when dealing with vehicles carrying hazardous materia1s;3
g) co-operation with police and other emergency services;
h) safe and efficient winching techniques; i) safe and efficient loading and towing techniques; safe and efficient driving techniques when towing or transporting a casualty vehicle;
j) the completion of necessary documentation; k) customer care.
Further details of the minimum content of recovery training courses, for the recovery industry, can be found in annex B.
7 Personal protective equipment
Technicians should be supplied with at least the following personal protective equipment (PPE):
a) reflective safety garment conforming to
BS EN 471;
b) safety footwear confonnrng to BS EN 345;
c) safety gloves conforming to BS EN 388;
d) industrial hard hat conforming to BS EN 397;
e) ixrnal eye protection conforming to
f) workwcar conforming to BS 5426.
8 Fire extinguishers
Employers should ensure that a minimum of a 2 kg dry powder fire extinguisher or equivalent is fitted in the cab of each recovery vehicle.
10 Maintenance of the recovery
vehicle and equipment
All ehicles afl(l their equipment should be kept in ef!i(ient working order, [)efevts should be reported l)l’0fllPt 15’.
All recovery vehicles shoiikl be serviced regularly according to the manufacturer’s recommendations awl instructions.
The recovery vehicle all(l its related equipnwnt should meet all current legal requirements and be fit for its I)Llrpose. A list of typical items COnsidere(l to be recovery (‘qui)ment can be found in annex C.
All recovery vehicles should be kept clean inside and out ui(l carry high visibility markings of not less than 125 mm in width on the sides and rear of the vehicle.
Recovery vehicles fitted with rear doors or tailgates should have conspicuous markings Iltte(1 on the inner doors and tailgate.
Seat and lap restraints should be maintained in good working order.
11 Inspection, testing and
roadworthiness of recovery vehicles
11.1 Testing and roadworthiness There is a legal requirement for the following vehicles to be tested annually:
Vehicles up to 3 000 kg GVM Class 4 M(YF Vehicles between 3000—3500 kg GVM Class 7 M()T
Above 3 500 kg gross vehicle mass (GVM), lift and tow vehicles are exempt from plating and testing. All transporter vehicles require plating and testing without exception. Whilst exempt from the legal requirement for annual testing, it is recommended that owners and operators of vehicles above 3 500 kg GVM are aware of the Guide to Maintaining Roadworthiness (see clause 3).BS 7121-12 pdf free download.Safe use of cranes