General requirements and safety requirements
BS EN 1501-5:2021 pdf free.Refuse collection vehicles – General requirements and safety requirements Part 5: Lifting devices for refuse collection vehicles.
Lifting devices shall comply with the safety requirements and/or protective measures of this clause. In addition, the lifting devices shall be designed according to the principles of EN ISO 12100:2010 for relevant but not significant hazards which are not dealt with by this standard. All systems and components shall be specified and installed in accordance with their manufacturer’s instructions.
lntercompatibility between RCV and interchangeable refuse container lifting device shall be ensured. All mechanical, electrical, pneumatic and hydraulic interfaces shall be available.
If different lifter systems are combined, the requirements specific for these systems shall be considered.
Any crushing and shearing hazards shall be avoided or minimized by design according to EN ISO 13857:2019 and EN ISO 13854:2019 or appropriate guard(s) according to EN ISO 14120:2015 or safeguards according to EN ISO 13855:2010.
The design shall take into account the dynamic impact of the lifting device on the connection between the refuse container lifting device and the body of the RCV.
188.8.131.52 Distance to the ground
To prevent foot injuries, automatic or semi-automatic downwards movements shall be stopped automatically when the distance between the lower edge of the lifting carriage and the level on which the RCV is standing shall be at least 120 mm or 320 mm for lifting carriage which can operate on the kerbside.
If movement of the lifting carriage down to the ground level is necessary, the distance between 120 mm (320 mm) and the horizontal ground shall be controlled by a hold-to-run control device situated in a position where the lifting carriage is in full view of the operator.
The control of the movement of the lifting carriage to the clearance position is allowed from the driver’s position under the following conditions:
— max. lifting movement is limited to 400 mm from the lowest possible position of the lifting carriage;
— any crushing and shearing risk is prevented;
— automatic lifting is possible only after the RCV has started moving.
The loading edge of the refuse container lifting device and/or the body shall be designed taking into consideration the volume of the largest designated refuse container emptied by the refuse container lifting device and the volume of the hopper, in order to avoid refuse falling out of the hopper.
When the hopper is emptied by the compaction mechanism at the same time as the refuse container lifting device is being operated, the design shall be such that the designated refuse container shall not collide with it.
The refuse container lifting device shall be provided with a device preventing emptying in excess of the maximum permissible load of the largest designated refuse container.
The maximum working load for the lifting device is the weight of the largest designated refuse container plus 1,1 times its nominal load. This shall be applied at the centre of gravity of the largest fully loaded refuse container.
The nominal load of the loaded refuse container is determined assuming a density of refuse as defined in the standards of EN 840:2020 (all parts), EN 12574:2017 (all parts) or EN 13071:2019 (all parts).
The functional dynamic test load shall be 1,1 times the maximum working load for lifting up and down in the nominal cycle time. The functional static test load shall be 1.25 times the maximum working load.
184.108.40.206 Guide system
The pick-up system shall be provided with a guide system to laterally position the designated refuse container on the refuse container lifting device.
220.127.116.11 Locking system
The designated refuse container shall be kept locked during the emptying cycle of the lifting device above a tilt angle of 450 from the vertical or 2 000 mm above the ground, even if electric, hydraulic or pneumatic energy fails.
In the automatic or semi-automatic lifting mode, it shall be detected that the designated refuse container is locked in position. Detection is only required for locking systems directly actuated by electric, hydraulic and/or pneumatic energy. The detection device shall fulfil required performance level PLr d according to EN ISO 13849-1:2015, as defined in 5.10.1.
18.104.22.168 Speed and acceleration
The minimum emptying cycle time, the maximum peripheral speed and the maximum acceleration of the lifting device shall comply with the requirements in the following table depending on the type of lifting device and the designated refuse container capacity.
22.214.171.124 Release of the container
When the designated refuse container is lowered to the ground and released from the refuse container lifting device, it shall not fall over and shall remain stable.
126.96.36.199 LockIng of the refuse container lifting device during travel movement of the RCV
During the travel movement the refuse container lifting device shall not be capable of being operated. The refuse container lifting device shall be positioned in its transport position and be locked against any unintended movement, unless the transport position is different from the clearance position. A hydraulic locking is accepted if a check valve is fitted directly on the locking cylinder(s).
The direction of movement achieved by a button, lever or mode selector shall be marked on or close to the control device and be clearly identified by an arrow highlighting the direction.
When more than one lifting device is fitted on the RCV, it shall not be possible for the same operator to simultaneously operate the refuse container lifting devices if this can give rise to any hazardous situation in the danger zone.
It shall be impossible to simultaneously use the mechanisms of a combined refuse container lifting device.
If the refuse container lifting device can be activated from both inside and outside the cab, a work station selector device shall be provided in the cab and the selected work station shall be indicated (e.g. by key position, indicator lamp) and it shall be ensured that only the indicated work station is operable at any time.
5.2 Requirements for lifting the designated refuse containers
5.2.1 Comb pick-up system for refuse containers according to the EN 840:2020 series and
EN 12574:20 17 series
188.8.131.52 Lifting carriage
The lifting carriage shall be designed as specified and illustrated in Figures A.2 to AS that the positioning of:
— the two-wheeled container is done by a guide system;
— the four-wheeled container is done by the centre of the comb.
The design of the comb shall meet the dimensions of Figure A.2 if it is intended to pick up containers complying with EN 840-1:2020, EN 840-2:2020 or EN 840-3:2020.
lithe comb is suitable for an identification system according to EN 14803:2020 and the designated refuse container complies with EN 840-1:2020, EN 840-2:2020 or EN 840-3:2020, the comb shall meet the dimensions of Figure A.2.
lithe designated refuse container complies with EN 840-4:2020, the comb shall meet the dimensions of Figure A.3.
lithe comb is suitable for an identification system according to EN 14803:2020, and the designated refuse container complies with EN 840-4:2020, the comb shall meet the dimensions of Figure A.3.
If it is intended to pick up containers not complying with EN 840-1:2020, EN 840-2:2020 or EN 840-3:2020 then modifications of the comb dimensions are allowed to ensure compatibility and safe handling of these containers.BS EN 1501-5 pdf download.General requirements and safety requirements