BS EN 60445:2000 – Basic and safety principles for man-machine interface, marking and identification – Identification of equipment terminals, conductor terminations and conductors
This document applies to the identification and marking of terminals of electrical equipment such as resistors, fuses, relays, contactors, transformers, rotating machines and, wherever applicable, to combinations of such equipment (e.g. assemblies), and also applies to the identification of terminations of certain designated conductors.
It also provides general rules for the use of certain colours or alphanumeric notations to identify conductors with the aim of avoiding ambiguity and ensuring safe operation. These conductor colours or alphanumeric notations are intended to be applied in cables or cores, busbars, electrical equipment and installations. This basic safety publication is primarily intended for use by technical committees in the preparation of standards in accordance with the principles laid down in IEC Guide 1 04 and ISO/IEC Guide 51 .
It is not intended for use by manufacturers or certification bodies. One of the responsibilities of a technical committee is, wherever applicable, to make use of basic safety publications in the preparation of its publications. The requirements of this basic safety publication will not apply unless specifically referred to or included in the relevant publications.
2 Normative references
The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.
IEC 6041 7, Graphical symbols for use on equipment
IEC 6061 7, Graphical symbols for diagrams
IEC Guide 1 04, The preparation of safety publications and the use of basic safety publications and group safety publications
ISO/IEC Guide 51 , Safety aspects – Guidelines for their inclusion in standards
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:
• IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
• ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
NOTE The terms are sorted in alphabetical order in the English language.
item used for such purposes as generation, conversion, transmission, distribution or utilization of electric energy, such as electric machines, transformers, switchgear and controlgear,measuring instruments, protective devices, wiring systems, current-using equipment
[SOURCE: IEC 60050-826:2004, 826-1 6-01 ]
functional bonding conductor
conductor provided for functional-equipotential-bonding
[SOURCE: IEC 60050-1 95:1 998, 1 95-02-1 6]
functional grounding (US)
earthing a point or points in a system or in an installation or in equipment, for purposes other than electrical safety
[SOURCE: IEC 60050-1 95/AMD1 :2001 , 1 95-01 -1 3]