BS EN 1501-2:2021 Refuse collection vehicles一General requirements and safety requirements Part 2: Side loaded refuse collection vehicles
BS EN 1501-2:2021 pdf free.Refuse collection vehicles一General requirements and safety requirements Part 2: Side loaded refuse collection vehicles.
5 Safety requirements and protective measures
The side loaded RCV shall comply with the safety requirements and protective measures of this clause. In addition, the side loaded RCV shall be designed in accordance with EN ISO 12100:2010 for relevant but not significant hazards which are not dealt with by this document. All systems and components shall be specified and installed in accordance with their manufacturer’s instructions.
The side loaded RCV shall not be able to be driven faster than 9 km/h when the vehicle is unsafe for travelling, e.g.:
— powered parts of the bodywork out of the designated envelope for travel movement;
— the body or the powered discharge door in an unsafe position or travel movement;
— if the body is not in transport position and the discharge door is not locked.
5.2 Danger Zones
Before starting and during any function the operator shall ensure that no other person is in the danger zone related to this function. Operation scenarios specific for the application of a side loaded refuse collection vehicle and related requirements are given in Table 2. These scenarios are only for example and other existing solutions shall be subject to the same provisions in the largest extent.
NOTE Some of these requirements can be already covered by road safety requirements (e.g. indirect field of vision). Therefore, installations (e.g. mirrors) used for the compliance with the road safety requirements can be used to meet the requirements of this clause.
The verification measurement shall be made with the vertical test object with a height of 1,2 m and a diameter of 150 mm. For each danger zone identifIed in Table 2, it shall be checked whether this test object moved with its centre point on the paths of the rectangular boundary of the danger zone is visible or detectable from the operator position (driver and/or operator position), lithe top of the vertical test object is masked, it shall be checked lithe vertical test object can be seen or detected at least in a length of 200 mm. If this is possible, it is not counted for masking evaluation.
5.3 Compaction mechanism
Any contact between the container and the compaction mechanism shall be avoided.
5.3.2 Interaction between bodywork and compaction mechanism
The design shall take into account the dynamic forces and impact to the bodywork, the connection between the discharge door and the body, and the connection between the compaction mechanism and the body, all of which need to withstand the effects of the compaction mechanism.
The locking system between the discharge door mechanism and the body shall be designed to
withstand the compaction forces taking into account the maximum dynamic stress.
220.127.116.11 Capacity of the hopper and dimensions
The capacity of the hopper and dimensions of the hopper and the performance of the compaction mechanism shall be designed taking into consideration the capacity of the hopper and dimensions of the largest designated refuse container in order to avoid damage of a part of the container, especially its moving lid, and in order to avoid refuse falling out of the hopper.
18.104.22.168 Minimum height of the rave rail
The height of the rave rail above the ground level shall be at least 1 200 mm including a conventional kerb height of 200 mm (see Figure Al).
5.3.4 Relationship between the compaction mechanism and the rave rail
22.214.171.124 Closed system
If the rave rail or guide flap is 1 600 mm or more above the ground level and if any shear trap is at least 850 mm away from the operator without taking into account the refuse (see Figure A.2), it shall be deemed to be a closed system and closed mode of the compaction mechanism as described in 126.96.36.199 shall be allowed. Other solutions for a closed system regarding the shear trap shall be in accordance with EN ISO 13857:2019, Table 2.
188.8.131.52 Open system
lithe rave rail or guide flap does not meet the criteria laid down in 184.108.40.206 and 5.3.5, then it shall be deemed to be an open system.
Only open compaction mode of the compaction mechanism as described in 220.127.116.11 shall be allowed.
The movements of the compaction mechanism when the gap between the compaction mechanism and the hopper becomes smaller, as defined in EN ISO 13857:20 19, Table 2, shall be controlled with at least required performance level PLrcaccordingto EN ISO 13849-1:2015.
5.3.5 Guide flap
Where (a) guide flap(s) is (are) adjustable to allow open and closed systems the guide flap(s) control and the interlocks shall prevent operation in the closed compaction mode with guide flap not in closed position with at least required performance level PLr c according to EN ISO 13849-1:20 15.
5.3.6 Additional equipment(s)
If any equipment (e.g. ladders, covers, hatchcs) stored or mounted on the bodywork creates an open system by its removal or use, it shall be interlocked with the control of the compaction mechanism in such a way that only compaction for an open system is possible. The interlocks shall be at least required performance level PL c according to EN ISO 13849-1:2015.
Any crushing and shearing hazards shall be avoided or minimized by design according to EN ISO 13854:2019 or appropriate guards according to EN ISO 14120:20 15 and considering the safety distances given in 18.104.22.168.
The safety distances of EN ISO 13857:20 19, Table 2 or Table 3 shall be kept depending on the reaching situation as long as not covered by some specific requirements given in this standard.
The bodywork shall be considered inaccessible from the front if the gap between the back of the cab (when in the travelling position) and the front of the bodywork is less than 250 mm.
5.3.8 Electro-sensitive protective equipment (ESPE)
The safe distance with the shear trap given by an electro-sensitive protective equipment (ESPE) shall be derived from the calculation method of the minimum distances as given in EN ISO 13855:20 10, Clause 6.
The electro-sensitive protective equipment shall comply with EN 61496-1:2013.
5.3.9 Side loaded RCV with rotation drum body
Where the rotation drum body creates a potential shearing or crushing trap, fixed guards according to EN ISO 14120:2015 shall be fitted.
5.3.10 Controls for the compaction mechanism
22.214.171.124 Closed compaction mode
The closed compaction mode shall only be usable with a closed system according to 126.96.36.199. The closed compaction mode shall be activated by a pulse start command, that may be given either by a start control device located at the working stations, by the lifting device command or by a chassis-ready signal (e.g. external neutral signal).
The closed compaction mode comprises the following three variations:
— AUTO: continuous cycle is one that continually cycles until stopped by an independent action;
— SINGLE: single cycle is one that cycles once with a start impulse and stops without any other action;
— MULTI: multi cycle is one that cycles by a start impulse for a given number of times and then stops without any other action.
For single and multi-cycles the start impulse may be generated by means of the start command of the lifting device. It can be stopped by activation of a stop control.
188.8.131.52 Open compaction mode
The open compaction mode shall be usable with a closed system according to 184.108.40.206 and/or an open system according to 220.127.116.11. The open compaction mode shall be activated by a hold-to-run control device or a pulse start command, that may be given either by a start control device located at the rear working stations or by the lifting device command, The pulse start command can only be used when the shear trap is passed and the distance from the compaction mechanism to the shear trap will increase.BS EN 1501-2 pdf free download.BS EN 1501-2:2021 Refuse collection vehicles一General requirements and safety requirements Part 2: Side loaded refuse collection vehicles