BS 45002-2:2019 Occupational health and safety management systems – General guidelines for the application of ISO 45001 Part 2: Risks and opportunities
BS 45002-2:2019 pdf free.Occupational health and safety management systems – General guidelines for the application of ISO 45001 Part 2: Risks and opportunities.
Terms and definitions
COMMENTARY ON CLAUSE 3
There are a number of terms defined in B. ISO 45L1U1. including commonly used terms. However, when using BS ISO 45001 it is important to take note of these technical definitions to ensure there is no misunderstanding in its application. For example, small businesses do not always realize that the term “organization” refers to small businesses as well as larger companies (or public bodies, charities, etc).
Organization can also be used to describe one part of a business e.g. one department or one site – if that is the extent of the OH&S management system. Similarly, the term “top management” refers to whoever directs or Controls the organization — the top level decision maker(s). in practical terms, top management can mean a small business owner, the executive boa rd or, in a non -hierarchical structure, everyone involved in taking high level decisions.
The definition of”worker is also worth noting. In 85 ISO 45001 worker is all-inclusive and refers to everyone working under the control of the organization, including business owners, executive boards. senior managers, interns, volunteers, all employees and contractors.
All of the terms and definitions within BS ISO 45001 can be found on the iSO Online Browsing Platform:
http://iso.org/obpjLast viewed 18 February 2019.)
source with a potential to cause injury and iii health
[SOURCE: ISO 4500 1:2018, modified]
NOTE Hazards can also include sources with the potential to cause harm or hazardous situations or circumstances with the potential for exposure leading to injury and ill health.
effect of uncertainty
NOTE I An effect is a deviation from the expected, positive or negative.
NOTE 2 Uncertainty is the state, even partial, of deficiency of information related to. understanding or knowled,qe of an event, Its consequence, or likelihood.
[SOURCE: ISO 4500 1:2018, modified]
circumstance or set of circumstances that can lead to improvement of OH&S performance OH&S risk
combination of the likelihood of occurrence of a work-related hazardous event(s) or exposure(s) and the severity of injury and ill health that can be caused by the event(s) or exposure(s)
Context of the organization
The risks and opportunities to be considered by the organization depend on the type of organization, what it does and where this Is done. This is the context of the organization. For example, if the organization makes cars in a large factory on the edge of a big city the risks to its workers’ health and safety are very different to those faced by the workers in a small café in a quiet village.BS 45002-2 pdf download.
Context doesn’t stay the same – organizations grow, and activities change (for example, new manufacturing lines or technology are introduced). The workiorce itself changes over time. Any sort of change to the organization has an impact on its risks and opportunities.
Context also includes factors beyond the organization’s control, for example, if there is an extreme weather event (heatwave, snowstorm, flood), the organization’s risks and opportunities can change. Similarly, if the world economy crashes, the law changes, or the political landscape shifts, the organization’s risks and opportunities can change.
Context also includes people and other organizations which can be affected by the organization’s OI-1&S management system — or who can affect it. These are the organization’s interested parties.
The organization should always consider what its interested parties need and expect, as well as any associated risks and opportunities.
a) Regulators: there are risks to the organization’s workers if It doesn’t comply with health and safety law and there are also risks to the organization itself if law-breaking leads to prosecution or closing the business.
b) Supply chain: the organization’s OH&S management system is at risk if contracted workers are unaware and fail to follow health and safety rules. A contractor expects its workers to he protected, but the contractor might also bring additional risks to the workplace because of the activities being carried out, lack of health and safety training or lack of understanding of how they are affecting other workers. On the other hand, there is also opportunity to share good practice and knowledge.
c) Shareholders: there are risks if shareholders or the organization’s owners do not support the management system by investing enough money or leading by example. Alternatively, if shareholders or the owners invest time and effort, there are opportunities to improve both health and safety and the management system.
Leadership and worker participation
Managing risks and opportunities starts with top management.
Those at the top of the organization are vital to the success of the management system and to improving health and safety in the workplace.
If top management takes a view that the OH&S management system Is the health and safety manager’s problem, there is a risk to the workforce, and the management system is unlikely to be effective. If. for example, the hoard of a company is driven purely by profit and takes no interest in health and safety there is a risk that not only will OH&S performance be misrepotied but workers are being put at on-going risk. A management system cannot be effective in this environment.
Alternatively, if top management embeds OH&S into its overall business management and sees it as a core part of being successful, there is an opportunity to create a positive OFi&S culture with an engaged workforce, and continuously improve workers’ health and safety.
The same is true for a small company owned by a single person. If the owner takes an interest and encourages the workers to talk about health and safety and help improve it, the management system is going to work better and the risk of injury or ill health is lowered.
A positive OH&S culture comes from leaders encouraging workers to get involved in shaping and running the management system and being seen to take ideas and improvements on board.
The workers closest to the risks have the most to lose, and gain, from the OH&S management system, and also have the best knowledge of the hazards faced every day. Making sure workers at all levels can raise issues, suggest improvements and manage health and safety avoids the risk of a worker making decisions about OH&S risks that they don’t understand and which don’t personally affect them. This would undermine the whole management system.BS 45002-2 pdf free download.BS 45002-2:2019 Occupational health and safety management systems – General guidelines for the application of ISO 45001 Part 2: Risks and opportunities